The conversion of data to and from various EDI standard formats that allows the exchange and storage of that data.

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
translation (noun)
1.
an act, process, or instance of as - translating
a) a rendering from one language into another , also the product of such a rendering
b) a change to a different substance, form, or appearance - conversion
c) (1) a of coordinates in which the new axes are parallel to the old ones - transformation
(2) uniform motion of a body in a straight line
2.
the process of forming a protein molecule at a ribosomal site of protein synthesis from information contained in messenger RNA - compare transcription 3